Home افلام مسيحية ‫قصة إسحاق ويعقوب Isaac & Jacob Story‬‎

‫قصة إسحاق ويعقوب Isaac & Jacob Story‬‎


اسحق (بالعبرية יִצְחָק، وبالعربية إسحاق (في القرآن) أو إسحٰق (في التوراه) ومعناه ” الذي يضحك “)

يعقوب (عبري: יַעֲקֹב) هو ابن اسحاق ابن إبراهيم وهو أحد الأنبياء المذكورين في التوراة والقران.

Isaac Hebrew: יִצְחָק, Modern Yitsẖak Tiberian Yiṣḥāq, ISO 259-3 Yiçḥaq, “he will laugh”; Yiddish: יצחק, Yitskhok; Ancient Greek: Ἰσαάκ, Isaak; Latin: Isaac; Arabic: إسحاق‎ or Arabic: إسحٰق‎[note A] ʼIsḥāq) as described in the Hebrew Bible, was the only son Abraham had with his wife Sarah, and was the father of Jacob and Esau. Isaac was one of the three patriarchs of the Israelites. According to the Book of Genesis, Abraham was 100 years old when Isaac was born, and Sarah was beyond childbearing years.

Isaac was the only biblical patriarch whose name was not changed, and the only one who did not leave Canaan. Compared to those of Abraham and Jacob, Isaac’s story relates fewer incidents of his life. He died when he was 180 years old, making him the longest-lived patriarch.

Jacob ˈdʒeɪkəb/; יַעֲקֹב (help·info), Standard Yaʿakov, Tiberian Yaʿăqōḇ; Septuagint Greek: Ἰακώβ Iakōb; Arabic: يَعْقُوب‎ Yaʿqūb) “heel” or “leg-puller”), also later known as Israel (Hebrew: יִשְׂרָאֵל‎‎, Standard Yisraʾel, Tiberian Yiśrāʾēl; Septuagint Greek: Ἰσραήλ Israēl; Arabic: إِسْرَائِيل‎ Isrāʾīl; “persevere with God”), as described in the Hebrew Bible, the Talmud, the New Testament and the Qur’an was the third patriarch of the Hebrew people with whom God made a covenant, and ancestor of the tribes of Israel, which were named after his descendants.

In the Hebrew Bible, he is the son of Isaac and Rebekah, the grandson of Abraham and Sarah and of Bethuel, and the younger twin brother of Esau. Jacob had twelve sons and at least one daughter, by his two wives, Leah and Rachel, and by their female slaves Bilhah and Zilpah. The children named in Genesis were Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Issachar, Zebulun, daughter Dinah, Joseph, and Benjamin.

Before the birth of Benjamin, Jacob is renamed “Israel” by an angel (Genesis 32:28-29 and 35:10). The name “Israel” can be translated as “God contended”, but other meanings have also been suggested. Some commentators say the name comes from the verb śœarar (“to rule, be strong, have authority over”), thereby making the name mean “God rules” or “God judges”. Other possible meanings include “the prince of God” (from the King James Version) or “El fights/struggles”.

As a result of a severe drought in Canaan, Jacob moved to Egypt at the time when his son Joseph was viceroy. Jacob died there 17 years later, and Joseph carried Jacob’s remains to the land of Canaan, where he gave them stately burial in the same Cave of Machpelah as were buried Abraham, Sarah, Isaac, Rebekah and Jacob’s wife Leah (Genesis 49:29-50:14).

יצחק, מכונה במסורת היהודית יצחק אבינו, דמות מקראית, אחד משלושת האבות. בנם של אברהם ושרה, נולד כשאברהם היה בן 100 ושרה בת 90. על פי הכרונולוגיה המקראית בשנת ב’מ”ח (2048) לבריאת העולם וחי בתקופת האבות. סיפור חייו מסופר בספר בראשית, בעיקר בפרקים כ’-כ”ח, ועל פיו נפטר יצחק בגיל 180.

יעקב, המכונה במסורת היהודית יעקב אבינו, ונקרא גם ישראל, הוא דמות מקראית. יעקב הוא השלישי בשלושת האבות, בנם של יצחק ורבקה ונכד לאברהם ושרה. אחיו התאום של עשו, ואביהם של שבטי ישראל. מכונה גם: בחיר האבות.
ע”פ המסורת יעקב נולד בערב חג סוכות בשנת ב’ק”ח, ונפטר בערב סוכות בשנת ב’רנ”ה בגיל 147. יעקב הוא נינו של תרח, בן נינו (ריבע) ונכד נינו (חימש) כאחד. דוד המלך היה החימש של נין נינו.

תולדות חייו מסופרים במקרא, ותופסים נתח גדול מספר בראשית, בפרקים כה – נ.


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